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利用COSMIC数据研究顶部电离层O~+扩散流的统计特征
Alternative TitlePlasma Diffusive Flows in the Topside Ionosphere From Radio Occultation Measurements by COSMIC
陈光明; 徐寄遥; 北京8701信箱
Department空间天气学国家重点实验室
Source Publication空间科学学报
2010
Volume30Issue:2Pages:121-131
ISSN0254-6124
Language中文
Keyword扩散速度 顶部电离层 扩散通量 扩散速度 掩星掩星 扩散通量顶部电离层
Abstract从等离子体运动方程出发,利用COSMIC星座的掩星数据,借助相关经验模式,计算了太阳活动低年顶部电离层O~+场向扩散速度和扩散通量,并分析了其全球分布和日变化特征.结果表明,白天等离子体扩散速度的方向随高度增加由向下(极向)逐步变为向上(赤道向),方向转变的高度一般在h_mF_2+80 km以下.在白天较高高度,南北磁纬10°~20°存在着向上方向的最大扩散速度和扩散通量;而在夜间,南北磁纬30°~40°存在向下方向的最大扩散速度和扩散通量.在分点,南北半球的扩散通量和扩散速度大致对称;而在至点,扩散通量存在着明显的南北半球不对称现象.另外,不同纬度的扩散速度有着不同的日变化特征.
Other AbstractO~+ field-aligned diffusive velocities and fluxes in the topside ionosphere have been calculated from electron density profiles retrieved from COSMIC radio occultation measurements.The diffusive velocities and fluxes from October 2006 to October 2007 at low-latitude and mid-latitude have been statistically analyzed.The results show that daytime diffusive fluxes changed gradually from downward to upward as altitude increased.The translation height is below h_mF_2 + 80 km.The largest values of the upward diffusive fluxes and velocities during the daytime occur at geomagnetic latitudes from 100 to 200 above h,n,F_2+80 km, whereas during the nighttime the maximum down-ward fluxes occur at geomagnetic latitudes from 300 to 400. Diffusive fluxes are roughly symmetric around the magnetic equator during equanoxes. But they are asymmetric during solstices, the winter hemisphere has smaller fluxes than the summer hemisphere does. In addition, the diurnal variations have latitudinal dependences.
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/1217
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding Author北京8701信箱
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈光明,徐寄遥,北京8701信箱. 利用COSMIC数据研究顶部电离层O~+扩散流的统计特征[J]. 空间科学学报,2010,30(2):121-131.
APA 陈光明,徐寄遥,&北京8701信箱.(2010).利用COSMIC数据研究顶部电离层O~+扩散流的统计特征.空间科学学报,30(2),121-131.
MLA 陈光明,et al."利用COSMIC数据研究顶部电离层O~+扩散流的统计特征".空间科学学报 30.2(2010):121-131.
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