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极区中层顶区域重力波谱的季节变化
Alternative TitleSeasonal Variation of Gravity Wave Spectrum Near the Polar Mesopause
吴永富; 徐寄遥; 北京8701信箱
Department空间天气学国家重点实验室
Source Publication空间科学学报
2005
Volume25Issue:3Pages:191-198
ISSN0254-6124
Language中文
Keyword季节变化 区域重力 richardson数 极区 波谱 水平速度 饱和特性 不稳定区 波数谱 温度数据 低分辨率 高分辨率 wine 直接测量 中层顶区 季节差异 夏季 冬季 mac map 显示 振幅和 垂直 平均 风切变 计算 变率 观测 湍流
Abstract使用MAP/WINE和MAC/SINE两次试验中测量的25m高分辨率水平速度数据和1km低分辨率温度数据,研究极区中层顶区域重力波谱的季节变化.温度的直接测量使计算的谱振幅和Richardson数更接近真实大气.结果显示,极区中层顶区域水平速度垂直波数谱的斜率和振幅存在相当大的变率,这些大的观测变率用各种饱和模式及普适垂直波数谱不能解释.然而平均垂直波数谱显示了明显的季节变化,在夏季,平均谱具有饱和特性;在冬季,平均谱具有非饱和特性.这意味着饱和过程存在于夏季而不是冬季.因此,夏季比冬季应有更强的湍流.这个结果与湍流季节变化的观测大致一致.从Brunt-Vaisala频率N和水平风切变计算的Richardson数Ri剖面也显示出季节差异,Ri<1/4的动力不稳定区出现在夏季,而Ri>0.4的稳定区出现在冬季.这些不稳定区与夏季谱结合很好,而稳定区则与冬季谱结合很好.
Other AbstractThis paper utilizes horizontal velocity data with a high resolution of 25 m and tempera-ture data with a low resolution of 1 km measured during the MAP/WINE and MAC/SINE campaigns to study seasonal variation of gravity wave spectrum near the polar mesopause. Direct measurement of the temperature allows accurate calculation of the spectral amplitude and Richardson number.Re-sults show that there is considerable variability in the slope and amplitude of the vertical wavenumber spectra of the horizontal velocity near the polar menopause, which is not consistent with the pre-dictions of various saturation models and the universal vertical wavenumber spectrum.However,the mean vertical wavenumber spectra reveal a significant seasonal variation:the mean spectrum in summer has saturated features, whereas the mean spectrum in winter has unsaturated features.This implies that the saturation processes are present in summer rather than in winter. Enhanced turbulence layer can therefore be expected to occur in summer compared to winter.This result is in rough agreement with the seasonal variation of turbulent energy dissipation rates.Richardson number Ri calculated from Brunt-Vaisala frequency N and horizontal wind shear S also reveals seasonal difference:dynamically unstable regions of Ri smaller than 1/4 are observed in summer,whereas stable regions of Ri larger than 0.4 are observed in winter. These unstable regions are found to associate well with the summer spectrum, whereas stable regions are found to associate well with the winter.
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/1384
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding Author北京8701信箱
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
吴永富,徐寄遥,北京8701信箱. 极区中层顶区域重力波谱的季节变化[J]. 空间科学学报,2005,25(3):191-198.
APA 吴永富,徐寄遥,&北京8701信箱.(2005).极区中层顶区域重力波谱的季节变化.空间科学学报,25(3),191-198.
MLA 吴永富,et al."极区中层顶区域重力波谱的季节变化".空间科学学报 25.3(2005):191-198.
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