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Comparison of energetic electron flux and phase space density in the magnetosheath and in the magnetosphere
Luo, Bingxian; Li, Xinlin; Tu, Weichao; Gong, Jiancun; Liu, Siqing; Luo, BX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Space Sci & Appl Res, POB 8701, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Department空间环境部
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
2012
Volume117Pages:A05214
ISSN0148-0227
Language英语
AbstractWhether energetic electrons (10s of keV) in the magnetosheath can be directly transported into the magnetosphere and further energized through radial diffusion is significant in understanding the physical mechanisms for producing the radiation belt electrons (>100s of keV) in the magnetosphere. In this study, we analyze more than two hundred magnetopause crossing events using the energetic electron and magnetic field measurements from Geotail and compare the flux and phase space density (PSD) of the energetic electrons on both sides of the magnetopause. It is found that for most of the events (>70%), the fluxes and PSDs of energetic electrons in the magnetosheath are less than those in the magnetosphere, suggesting that the energetic electrons in the magnetosheath cannot be a direct source sufficient for the energetic electrons inside the magnetosphere. In fact, our analysis suggests a possible leakage of the energetic electrons from inside to outside the magnetopause. By investigating the average energetic electron flux distribution in the magnetosheath, we find that the energetic electron fluxes are higher near the bow shock and the magnetopause than in between. The high energetic electron flux near the bow shock can be understood as due to energization of electrons when they go through the bow shock. The relatively low flux of the energetic electrons in between indicates that it is difficult for the energetic electrons to travel from the bow shock to the magnetopause and vice versa, possibly because the energetic electrons near the bow shock and the magnetopause are all on open magnetic field lines and these two relatively intense energetic electron populations in the magnetosheath rarely get mixed.; Whether energetic electrons (10s of keV) in the magnetosheath can be directly transported into the magnetosphere and further energized through radial diffusion is significant in understanding the physical mechanisms for producing the radiation belt electrons (>100s of keV) in the magnetosphere. In this study, we analyze more than two hundred magnetopause crossing events using the energetic electron and magnetic field measurements from Geotail and compare the flux and phase space density (PSD) of the energetic electrons on both sides of the magnetopause. It is found that for most of the events (>70%), the fluxes and PSDs of energetic electrons in the magnetosheath are less than those in the magnetosphere, suggesting that the energetic electrons in the magnetosheath cannot be a direct source sufficient for the energetic electrons inside the magnetosphere. In fact, our analysis suggests a possible leakage of the energetic electrons from inside to outside the magnetopause. By investigating the average energetic electron flux distribution in the magnetosheath, we find that the energetic electron fluxes are higher near the bow shock and the magnetopause than in between. The high energetic electron flux near the bow shock can be understood as due to energization of electrons when they go through the bow shock. The relatively low flux of the energetic electrons in between indicates that it is difficult for the energetic electrons to travel from the bow shock to the magnetopause and vice versa, possibly because the energetic electrons near the bow shock and the magnetopause are all on open magnetic field lines and these two relatively intense energetic electron populations in the magnetosheath rarely get mixed.
Indexed BySCI
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/2918
Collection空间环境部
Corresponding AuthorLuo, BX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Space Sci & Appl Res, POB 8701, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Bingxian,Li, Xinlin,Tu, Weichao,et al. Comparison of energetic electron flux and phase space density in the magnetosheath and in the magnetosphere[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,2012,117:A05214.
APA Luo, Bingxian,Li, Xinlin,Tu, Weichao,Gong, Jiancun,Liu, Siqing,&Luo, BX .(2012).Comparison of energetic electron flux and phase space density in the magnetosheath and in the magnetosphere.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,117,A05214.
MLA Luo, Bingxian,et al."Comparison of energetic electron flux and phase space density in the magnetosheath and in the magnetosphere".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 117(2012):A05214.
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