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Electric field structure inside the secondary island in the reconnection diffusion region
Zhou, M.; Deng, X. H.; Huang, S. Y.; Zhou, M (reprint author), Nanchang Univ, Inst Space Sci & Technol, Nanchang 330031, Peoples R China.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationPHYSICS OF PLASMAS
2012
Volume19Issue:4Pages:42902
ISSN1070-664X
Language英语
AbstractSecondary islands have recently been intensively studied because of their essential role in dissipating energy during reconnection. Secondary islands generally form by tearing instability in a stretched current sheet, with or without guide field. In this article, we study the electric field structure inside a secondary island in the diffusion region using large-scale two-and-half dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation. Intense in-plane electric fields, which point toward the center of the island, form inside the secondary island. The magnitudes of the in-plane electric fields E-x and E-z inside the island are much larger than those outside the island in the surrounding diffusion region. The maximum magnitudes of the fields are about three times the B0VA, where B-0 is the asymptotic magnetic field strength and V-A is the Alfven speed based on B-0 and the initial current sheet density. Our results could explain the intense electric field (similar to 100 mV/m) inside the secondary island observed in the Earth's magnetosphere. The electric field E-x inside the secondary island is primarily balanced by the Hall term (j x B)/ne, while E-z is balanced by a combination of (j x B)/ne, -(v(i) x B), and the divergence of electron pressure tensor, with (j x B)/ne term being dominant. This large Hall electric field is due to the large out-of-plane current density j(y) inside the island, which consists mainly of accelerated electrons forming a strong bulk flow in the -y direction. The electric field E-y shows a bipolar structure across the island, with negative E-y corresponding to negative B-z and positive E-y corresponding to positive B-z. It is balanced by (j x B)/ne and the convective electric field. There are significant parallel electric fields, forming a quadrupolar structure inside the island, with maximum amplitude of about 0.3B(0)V(A). (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3700194]; Secondary islands have recently been intensively studied because of their essential role in dissipating energy during reconnection. Secondary islands generally form by tearing instability in a stretched current sheet, with or without guide field. In this article, we study the electric field structure inside a secondary island in the diffusion region using large-scale two-and-half dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation. Intense in-plane electric fields, which point toward the center of the island, form inside the secondary island. The magnitudes of the in-plane electric fields E-x and E-z inside the island are much larger than those outside the island in the surrounding diffusion region. The maximum magnitudes of the fields are about three times the B0VA, where B-0 is the asymptotic magnetic field strength and V-A is the Alfven speed based on B-0 and the initial current sheet density. Our results could explain the intense electric field (similar to 100 mV/m) inside the secondary island observed in the Earth's magnetosphere. The electric field E-x inside the secondary island is primarily balanced by the Hall term (j x B)/ne, while E-z is balanced by a combination of (j x B)/ne, -(v(i) x B), and the divergence of electron pressure tensor, with (j x B)/ne term being dominant. This large Hall electric field is due to the large out-of-plane current density j(y) inside the island, which consists mainly of accelerated electrons forming a strong bulk flow in the -y direction. The electric field E-y shows a bipolar structure across the island, with negative E-y corresponding to negative B-z and positive E-y corresponding to positive B-z. It is balanced by (j x B)/ne and the convective electric field. There are significant parallel electric fields, forming a quadrupolar structure inside the island, with maximum amplitude of about 0.3B(0)V(A). (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3700194]
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/3077
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding AuthorZhou, M (reprint author), Nanchang Univ, Inst Space Sci & Technol, Nanchang 330031, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, M.,Deng, X. H.,Huang, S. Y.,et al. Electric field structure inside the secondary island in the reconnection diffusion region[J]. PHYSICS OF PLASMAS,2012,19(4):42902.
APA Zhou, M.,Deng, X. H.,Huang, S. Y.,&Zhou, M .(2012).Electric field structure inside the secondary island in the reconnection diffusion region.PHYSICS OF PLASMAS,19(4),42902.
MLA Zhou, M.,et al."Electric field structure inside the secondary island in the reconnection diffusion region".PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 19.4(2012):42902.
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