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Using TIMED/SABER nightglow observations to investigate hydroxyl emission mechanisms in the mesopause region
Xu, Jiyao; Gao, Hong; Smith, Anne K.; Zhu, Yajun; Xu, JY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Space Weather, Ctr Space Sci & Appl Res, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES
2012
Volume117Pages:D02301
ISSN2169-897X
Language英语
AbstractThermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics, and Dynamics (TIMED)/Sounding of the Atmosphere Using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) observations of vertical profiles of the OH nightglow emission rates, temperature, and ozone are used along with a theoretical model of the OH nightglow to distinguish the dominant mechanism for the nightglow. From the comparison between the model fit and the observations we conclude that the chemical reaction O-3 + H -> OH(v <= 9) + O-2 leads to population distributions of vibrationally excited states that are consistent with the measurements. The contribution of the reaction HO2 + O -> OH(v <= 6) + O-2 to the nightglow is not needed to reproduce the measurements above 80 km, at least for the emissions originating from vibrational transitions with v >= 4. The analysis also determines the best fits for quenching of OH(v) by O-2 and O. The results show that the quenching rate of OH(v) by O-2 is smaller and that the removal by O is larger than currently used for the analysis of SABER data. The rate constant for OH(v) quenching by O-2 decreases with temperature in the mesopause region. The vertical profiles of atomic oxygen and hydrogen retrieved using both 2.0 and 1.6 mu m channels of Meinel band emission of the OH nightglow and the new quenching rates are slightly smaller than the profiles retrieved using only the 2.0 mu m channel and the quenching rate coefficients currently used for the analysis of SABER data. The fits of the model to the observations were also used to evaluate two other assumptions. The assumption of sudden death quenching of OH by O-2 and N-2 (i.e., quenching to the ground state rather than to intermediate vibrational levels) leads to poorer agreement with the SABER observations. The question of whether the reaction with or quenching by atomic oxygen depends on the OH vibrational level could not be resolved; assumptions of vibrational level dependence and independence both gave good fits to the observed emissions.; Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics, and Dynamics (TIMED)/Sounding of the Atmosphere Using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) observations of vertical profiles of the OH nightglow emission rates, temperature, and ozone are used along with a theoretical model of the OH nightglow to distinguish the dominant mechanism for the nightglow. From the comparison between the model fit and the observations we conclude that the chemical reaction O-3 + H -> OH(v <= 9) + O-2 leads to population distributions of vibrationally excited states that are consistent with the measurements. The contribution of the reaction HO2 + O -> OH(v <= 6) + O-2 to the nightglow is not needed to reproduce the measurements above 80 km, at least for the emissions originating from vibrational transitions with v >= 4. The analysis also determines the best fits for quenching of OH(v) by O-2 and O. The results show that the quenching rate of OH(v) by O-2 is smaller and that the removal by O is larger than currently used for the analysis of SABER data. The rate constant for OH(v) quenching by O-2 decreases with temperature in the mesopause region. The vertical profiles of atomic oxygen and hydrogen retrieved using both 2.0 and 1.6 mu m channels of Meinel band emission of the OH nightglow and the new quenching rates are slightly smaller than the profiles retrieved using only the 2.0 mu m channel and the quenching rate coefficients currently used for the analysis of SABER data. The fits of the model to the observations were also used to evaluate two other assumptions. The assumption of sudden death quenching of OH by O-2 and N-2 (i.e., quenching to the ground state rather than to intermediate vibrational levels) leads to poorer agreement with the SABER observations. The question of whether the reaction with or quenching by atomic oxygen depends on the OH vibrational level could not be resolved; assumptions of vibrational level dependence and independence both gave good fits to the observed emissions.
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/3110
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding AuthorXu, JY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Space Weather, Ctr Space Sci & Appl Res, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Jiyao,Gao, Hong,Smith, Anne K.,et al. Using TIMED/SABER nightglow observations to investigate hydroxyl emission mechanisms in the mesopause region[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES,2012,117:D02301.
APA Xu, Jiyao,Gao, Hong,Smith, Anne K.,Zhu, Yajun,&Xu, JY .(2012).Using TIMED/SABER nightglow observations to investigate hydroxyl emission mechanisms in the mesopause region.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES,117,D02301.
MLA Xu, Jiyao,et al."Using TIMED/SABER nightglow observations to investigate hydroxyl emission mechanisms in the mesopause region".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES 117(2012):D02301.
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