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A study of the changes of the near-Earth plasma sheet and lobe driven by multiple substorms: Comparison with a full particle simulation of reconnection
Sauvaud, J. -A.; Jacquey, C.; Oka, M.; Palin, L.; Fruit, G.; Kistler, L. M.; Balogh, A.; Cao, J. B.; Reeves, G.; Mukai, T.; Shinohara, I.; Grigorenko, E.; Sauvaud, JA (reprint author), Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, F-31028 Toulouse, France.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
2012
Volume117Pages:A01221
ISSN0148-0227
Language英语
AbstractComparisons of multispacecraft observations and full-particle simulations are used to understand magnetotail changes during substorms and the related cross-tail current disruptions/reductions. We first show that the electric field accompanying current disruptions can be measured in the tail lobe from the drift velocity of oxygen beams. A stormy period is studied here with a fleet of spacecraft including the four Cluster spacecraft and the Double Star spacecraft TC-1 in the tail, ACE and Geotail respectively in the solar wind and magnetosheath, and five LANL geostationary satellites, thus allowing the determination of the direction of propagation of the substorm disturbances. Each substorm here corresponds to an energy-loading period followed by a dipolarization of the magnetic field seen from 11 to 18 R-E. Plasma sheet thinning inside 12 R-E occurs during energy loading and is enhanced at the onset of strong dissipations of magnetic energy, which precede by several minutes particle injections at 6.6 R-E. Dipolarizations coincide with an increase of the lobe electric field, up to several mV/m. This study shows that the onset of the magnetic energy conversion occurs at about similar to 10-11 R-E and that once initiated, the perturbation propagates both toward the Earth and toward the distant tail. Comparisons of the measurements with recently published 2D full particle simulations of the reconnection process by Oka et al. (2008) indicate a good agreement between data and simulated magnetic lobe signatures. This suggests that the lobe magnetic changes are the signature of a tailward retreating neutral line, with its associated current disruption/reduction.; Comparisons of multispacecraft observations and full-particle simulations are used to understand magnetotail changes during substorms and the related cross-tail current disruptions/reductions. We first show that the electric field accompanying current disruptions can be measured in the tail lobe from the drift velocity of oxygen beams. A stormy period is studied here with a fleet of spacecraft including the four Cluster spacecraft and the Double Star spacecraft TC-1 in the tail, ACE and Geotail respectively in the solar wind and magnetosheath, and five LANL geostationary satellites, thus allowing the determination of the direction of propagation of the substorm disturbances. Each substorm here corresponds to an energy-loading period followed by a dipolarization of the magnetic field seen from 11 to 18 R-E. Plasma sheet thinning inside 12 R-E occurs during energy loading and is enhanced at the onset of strong dissipations of magnetic energy, which precede by several minutes particle injections at 6.6 R-E. Dipolarizations coincide with an increase of the lobe electric field, up to several mV/m. This study shows that the onset of the magnetic energy conversion occurs at about similar to 10-11 R-E and that once initiated, the perturbation propagates both toward the Earth and toward the distant tail. Comparisons of the measurements with recently published 2D full particle simulations of the reconnection process by Oka et al. (2008) indicate a good agreement between data and simulated magnetic lobe signatures. This suggests that the lobe magnetic changes are the signature of a tailward retreating neutral line, with its associated current disruption/reduction.
Indexed BySCI
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/3179
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding AuthorSauvaud, JA (reprint author), Univ Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, F-31028 Toulouse, France.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sauvaud, J. -A.,Jacquey, C.,Oka, M.,et al. A study of the changes of the near-Earth plasma sheet and lobe driven by multiple substorms: Comparison with a full particle simulation of reconnection[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,2012,117:A01221.
APA Sauvaud, J. -A..,Jacquey, C..,Oka, M..,Palin, L..,Fruit, G..,...&Sauvaud, JA .(2012).A study of the changes of the near-Earth plasma sheet and lobe driven by multiple substorms: Comparison with a full particle simulation of reconnection.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,117,A01221.
MLA Sauvaud, J. -A.,et al."A study of the changes of the near-Earth plasma sheet and lobe driven by multiple substorms: Comparison with a full particle simulation of reconnection".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 117(2012):A01221.
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