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PROPAGATION OF SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELDS: IN VIEW OF CHARACTERISTICS OF SOURCES
He, H. -Q.; Qin, G.; Zhang, M.; He, HQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Space Sci & Appl Res, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2011
Volume734Issue:2Pages:74
ISSN0004-637X
Language英语
KeywordInterplanetary Medium Magnetic Fields Solar-terrestrial Relations Sun: Coronal Mass Ejections (Cmes) Sun: Flares Sun: Particle Emission
AbstractIn this paper, a model of solar energetic particle (SEP) propagation in the three-dimensional Parker interplanetary magnetic field is calculated numerically. We study the effects of the different aspects of particle sources on the solar surface, which include the source location, coverage of latitude and longitude, and spatial distribution of source particle intensity, on propagation of SEPs with both parallel and perpendicular diffusion. We compute the particle flux and anisotropy profiles at different observation locations in the heliosphere. From our calculations, we find that the observation location relative to the latitudinal and longitudinal coverage of particle source has the strongest effects on particle flux and anisotropy profiles observed by a spacecraft. When a spacecraft is directly connected to the solar sources by the interplanetary magnetic field lines, the observed particle fluxes are larger than when the spacecraft is not directly connected. This paper focuses on the situations when a spacecraft is not connected to the particle sources on the solar surface. We find that when the magnetic footpoint of the spacecraft is farther away from the source, the observed particle flux is smaller and its onset and maximum intensity occur later. When the particle source covers a larger range of latitude and longitude, the observed particle flux is larger and appears earlier. There is east-west azimuthal asymmetry in SEP profiles even when the source distribution is east-west symmetric. However, the detail of particle spatial distribution inside the source does not affect the profile of the SEP flux very much. When the magnetic footpoint of the spacecraft is significantly far away from the particle source, the anisotropy of particles in the early stage of an SEP event points toward the Sun, which indicates that the first arriving particles come from outside of the observer through perpendicular diffusion at large radial distances.; In this paper, a model of solar energetic particle (SEP) propagation in the three-dimensional Parker interplanetary magnetic field is calculated numerically. We study the effects of the different aspects of particle sources on the solar surface, which include the source location, coverage of latitude and longitude, and spatial distribution of source particle intensity, on propagation of SEPs with both parallel and perpendicular diffusion. We compute the particle flux and anisotropy profiles at different observation locations in the heliosphere. From our calculations, we find that the observation location relative to the latitudinal and longitudinal coverage of particle source has the strongest effects on particle flux and anisotropy profiles observed by a spacecraft. When a spacecraft is directly connected to the solar sources by the interplanetary magnetic field lines, the observed particle fluxes are larger than when the spacecraft is not directly connected. This paper focuses on the situations when a spacecraft is not connected to the particle sources on the solar surface. We find that when the magnetic footpoint of the spacecraft is farther away from the source, the observed particle flux is smaller and its onset and maximum intensity occur later. When the particle source covers a larger range of latitude and longitude, the observed particle flux is larger and appears earlier. There is east-west azimuthal asymmetry in SEP profiles even when the source distribution is east-west symmetric. However, the detail of particle spatial distribution inside the source does not affect the profile of the SEP flux very much. When the magnetic footpoint of the spacecraft is significantly far away from the particle source, the anisotropy of particles in the early stage of an SEP event points toward the Sun, which indicates that the first arriving particles come from outside of the observer through perpendicular diffusion at large radial distances.
Indexed BySCI
Funding Project中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/3265
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding AuthorHe, HQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Space Sci & Appl Res, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He, H. -Q.,Qin, G.,Zhang, M.,et al. PROPAGATION OF SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELDS: IN VIEW OF CHARACTERISTICS OF SOURCES[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2011,734(2):74.
APA He, H. -Q.,Qin, G.,Zhang, M.,&He, HQ .(2011).PROPAGATION OF SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELDS: IN VIEW OF CHARACTERISTICS OF SOURCES.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,734(2),74.
MLA He, H. -Q.,et al."PROPAGATION OF SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELDS: IN VIEW OF CHARACTERISTICS OF SOURCES".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 734.2(2011):74.
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