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Alternative TitleResearch Progresses in Modeling the Propagation of Solar Wind Disturbances
史良文; 申成龙; 汪毓明; 沈芳
Source Publication天文学进展
Keyword太阳风 日冕物质抛射 行星际空间 空间天气
Other AbstractWith the development of observation technology, theoretical models and numerical sim-ulation methods, peoples understanding of solar wind disturbances, e.g., coronal mass ejections (CMEs), and their resultant space weather effects are continuously advanced. Various models have been developed to obtain the parameters of interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), solar wind plasma, CMEs, shocks, and other disturbances. These models have formed the necessary supports for space weather forecasting. According to the function and purpose, these models could be classified as background IMF obtaining models, background solar wind obtaining models, CME kinematic parameters obtaining models, CME deflection models, CME (shock) propagation models and numerical MagnetoHydro-Dynamic (MHD) simulation methods. In this paper, we give a brief review of these models. First, the background IMF models are introduced, such as the potential field source surface (PFSS) model and the current sheet-source surface (CSSS) model. Then, the Wang-Sheeley-Arge (WSA) model and the interplanetary scintillation (IPS) model, which could be used to get the back-ground solar wind parameters, are also reviewed. In addition, the models to get the CMEs prop-agation parameters are reviewed, for example: type II radio bursts model, various cone models, graduated cylindrical Shell (GCS) model and some triangulation models. It is important in space weather forecasting that if and when the solar wind disturbances will arrive at the Earth. In this paper, we show the coronal hole (CH) compression models, the magnetic energy density gradient models (MEDG) and the magnetic frozen-in models. These models could be used to forecast whether a CME would arrive at the Earth. In addition, we also introduce the shock time of arrival model (STOA), the interplanetary shock propagation model (ISPM), the Hakamada-Akasofu-Fry (HAF) model and the shock propagation model (SPM), which were developed to forecast solar wind disturbance arrival time. Finally, we give a brief review of MHD numerical simulation models about the propagation of the solar wind disturbance.
Indexed ByCSCD
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GB/T 7714
史良文,申成龙,汪毓明,等. 太阳风扰动传输模式研究进展[J]. 天文学进展,2013,31(3):267-286.
APA 史良文,申成龙,汪毓明,&沈芳.(2013).太阳风扰动传输模式研究进展.天文学进展,31(3),267-286.
MLA 史良文,et al."太阳风扰动传输模式研究进展".天文学进展 31.3(2013):267-286.
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