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 基于CHAMP卫星与三维Taylor多项式模型的区域地磁建模研究 Alternative Title Regional geomagnetic modelling based on the magnetic data of CHAMP satellite and 3D Taylor polynomial 蒋勇; 姜乙; 冯彦; 刘宝嘉; 傅帅; 常德; 张鹏飞; 江涛; Feng, Yan Department 空间科学部 Source Publication 地球物理学报 2015 Volume 58Issue:9Pages:3121-3132 ISSN 0001-5733 Language 中文 Keyword 地磁模型 三维taylor多项式模型 Champ卫星 均方偏差 Abstract 利用CHAMP卫星矢量和标量地磁测量数据,通过三维Taylor多项式模型建立了2010.0年中国及邻近地区在300 km高度附近的X、Y、Z和F分量的三维磁场模型.为了比较验证所建模型,分析了其与Taylor多项式模型(二维模型)不同截断阶数所对应的均方偏差(RMSE)、残差及分布等.结果表明,三维模型每一阶的RMSE和残差绝对值的平均值均要比二维模型的小约45%.由于采用了系数完全展开的建模方式,三维模型的系数数量约为二维模型的2倍,三维模型较低的截断阶数可以反映更多的地磁信息.本研究中的5阶三维Taylor模型基本可达到8阶Taylor模型的精度.两种模型绘制的地磁场及残差分布有较好的一致性. Other Abstract The inherent shortcoming of most regional models is the lack of altitude information. In order to overcome this, the objective of this study is to establish the three-dimensional (3D) model of element X, Y, Z, and F over Chinese and its adjacent regions in 2010.0 at the height of about 300 km. Based on the vector and scalar geomagnetic measuring data of CHAMP satellite, associated with 3D Taylor polynomial method, we try to create the 3D model over China and calculate the spatial distribution of geomagnetic field region. 3D model not only has the advantages like simple calculation and convenient to use, but also takes into account the height. In addition, the selection of truncation level of 3D model was also discussed. In order to verify the constructed 3D model, a comparison between 3D and Taylor polynomial (2D) model was taken, we analyzed the Root-mean-square error (RMSE) and the residual distributions between 3D and 2D models in different truncation level. Results showed RMSE and the mean absolute residuals of each level of the 3D model are about 45% smaller than that of 2D model. The 3D model of degree 5 basically has the same precision as that of 2D model of degree 8 in this study. Geomagnetic distributions and residuals of 3D and 2D models have high consistency. After comparing with 2D model, the 3D model considers the altitude information, so the precision is really improved; the coefficients show that 3D model of low degree can reflect more information and has the similar precision when compared to 2D model of high degree. ©, 2015, Science Press. All right reserved. Indexed By SCI ; EI ; CSCD Citation statistics Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record] Document Type 期刊论文 Identifier http://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/5196 Collection 空间科学部 Corresponding Author Feng, Yan Recommended CitationGB/T 7714 蒋勇,姜乙,冯彦,等. 基于CHAMP卫星与三维Taylor多项式模型的区域地磁建模研究[J]. 地球物理学报,2015,58(9):3121-3132. APA 蒋勇.,姜乙.,冯彦.,刘宝嘉.,傅帅.,...&Feng, Yan.(2015).基于CHAMP卫星与三维Taylor多项式模型的区域地磁建模研究.地球物理学报,58(9),3121-3132. MLA 蒋勇,et al."基于CHAMP卫星与三维Taylor多项式模型的区域地磁建模研究".地球物理学报 58.9(2015):3121-3132.