NSSC OpenIR  > 空间科学部
Alternative TitleReconstruction of martian methanes spatial density distribution
黄娅; 程炳钧; 刘学旺; 沈超; 张艺腾; 李磊; 张灵倩
Source Publication科学通报
Keyword火星 反演
Abstract目前对火星CH_4气体的探测是探索火星生命的一项重要手段, 圈定出火星表面CH_4源区的位置可为将来火星生命的探索选取合适的目标点. 本文在对火星CH_4气体共振散射进行探测的基础上, 通过数值模拟的方法对火星CH_4气体的空间分布进行了反演. 反演结果能再现模型的密度分布, 辨认出CH_4气体密度分布较为稠密的区域, 从而可以确定出火星表面CH_4源区的位置.
Other AbstractThe exploration of martian methane (CH_4) is the important way to search life on the Mars. The determination of the source region of CH_4 provides an appropriate target location that explorer the possible lives on the Mars. So it requires us to know the spatial density distribution of CH_4, thus the densest source region of CH_4 can be identified. In deep space exploration, there is long history for scientists to detect the characteristic spectrum from resonance scattering of the gas molecular as a result of solar radiation. For example, in 1995, the European Space Agency detected the 3.3 nm fluorescence from CH_4 through Space Telescope. At present, the project team is trying to study the possibility of exploration of the CH_4 resonance scattering on Mars, which is the base for this paper. Since the gas of CH_4 is very thin, and the rescattering can be negligible, so it can be approximated as an optically thin layer, and the measured brightness is proportional to the column abundance of the CH_4 along the lines of imager radiation corresponding to each pixel. This process is very similar with the emission computed tomography (ECT), so the computed tomography (CT) can be used to calculate the CH_4 spatial density distribution when the data could be collected from various angles. In the strict sense, the accurate reconstruction needs the projection data satisfy the Tuy-Smith sufficiency condition. But this condition is very difficult for the satellite. In 2006, Sidky et al developed an algebraic reconstruction technique(ART) based on the minimization of the image total variation (TV) that applies to insufficient data problems. Therefore, this method is adopted to solve our problems. In order to verify our formulas for the CH_4 density, in this paper, a three dimensional (3D) model for the density distribution of the CH_4 is established based on the Mars atmosphere distribution law, which may not consistent with the truth, but it is enough for verify the formulas. Through the numerical simulation, the density distribution is reconstructed and compared with the 3D model. It is shown that the reconstruction results are in agreement with the model. Especially, it can distinguish the densest region of CH_4, hence, to define the source region of the CH_4 on the Mars surface. So the CT method can be used to calculate the density of CH_4 from the image data. But there are still some problems. Firstly, the results have certain deviation which can be improved by increasing the projection data. For example, reduce the time interval of sampling, change the orbit of the satellite. Additionally, the spatial resolution of the results requires to be improved which is controlled by the one of the detector. According to the detector developed by the project team, the best resolution, both vertical and horizontal, is 50 km, which is too low for the reconstruction. How to improve the resolution of the detector is the problem that the project team is trying to solve. Moreover, the assumption of the steady-state condition for CH_4 is supposed in this work. We ignore the CH_4 motion during taking all the pictures by the Imager, but in fact, this assumption is unreasonable and unacceptable. The recent research showed that the density of CH_4 should vary with time because of the motion of the neutral wind. All these difficulties will be further studied in our future work.
Indexed ByEI ; CSCD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
黄娅,程炳钧,刘学旺,等. 火星CH_4气体空间密度分布的反演[J]. 科学通报,2016,61(16):1822-1827.
APA 黄娅.,程炳钧.,刘学旺.,沈超.,张艺腾.,...&张灵倩.(2016).火星CH_4气体空间密度分布的反演.科学通报,61(16),1822-1827.
MLA 黄娅,et al."火星CH_4气体空间密度分布的反演".科学通报 61.16(2016):1822-1827.
Files in This Item: Download All
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
201661161822-1827.pd(350KB)期刊论文作者接受稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView Download
Related Services
Recommend this item
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[黄娅]'s Articles
[程炳钧]'s Articles
[刘学旺]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[黄娅]'s Articles
[程炳钧]'s Articles
[刘学旺]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[黄娅]'s Articles
[程炳钧]'s Articles
[刘学旺]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: 201661161822-1827.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.