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Dynamic responses of the Earth's radiation belts during periods of solar wind dynamic pressure pulse based on normalized superposed epoch analysis
Ni, Binbin; Xiang, Zheng; Gu, Xudong; Shprits, Yuri Y.; Zhou, Chen; Zhao, Zhengyu; Zhang, Xianguo; Zuo, Pingbing; Ni, BB (reprint author), Wuhan Univ, Sch Elect Informat, Dept Space Phys, Wuhan, Peoples R China.; Ni, BB (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing, Peoples R China.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
2016
Volume121Issue:9Pages:8523-8536
ISSN2169-9380
Language英语
KeywordOuter Belt Electron Dropout Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure Pulse Normalized Superposed Epoch Analysis Magnetopause Shadowing Wave-induced Electron Precipitation
AbstractUsing the electron flux measurements obtained from five satellites (GOES 15 and POES 15, 16, 18, and 19), we investigate the flux variations of radiation belt electrons during forty solar wind dynamic pressure pulses identified between September 2012 and December 2014. By utilizing the mean duration of the pressure pulses as the epoch timeline and stretching or compressing the time phases of individual events to normalize the duration by means of linear interpolation, we have performed normalized superposed epoch analysis to evaluate the dynamic responses of radiation belt energetic electrons corresponding to various groups of solar wind and magnetospheric conditions in association with solar wind dynamic pressure pulses. Our results indicate that by adopting the timeline normalization we can reproduce the typical response of the electron radiation belts to pressure pulses. Radiation belt electron fluxes exhibit large depletions right after the P-dyn peak during the periods of northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) B-z and are more likely to occur during the P-dyn pulse under southward IMF B-z conditions. For the pulse events with large negative values of (Dst)(min), radiation belt electrons respond in a manner similar to those with southward IMF B-z, and the corresponding postpulse recovery can extend to L similar to 3 and exceed the prepulse flux levels. Triggered by the solar wind pressure enhancements, deeper earthward magnetopause erosion provides favorable conditions for the prompt electron flux dropouts that extend down to L similar to 5, and the pressure pulses with longer duration tend to produce quicker and stronger electron flux decay. In addition, the events with high electron fluxes before the P-dyn pulse tend to experience more severe electron flux dropouts during the course of the pulse, while the largest rate of electron flux increase before and after the pulse occurs under the preconditioned low electron fluxes. These new results help us understand how electron fluxes respond to solar wind dynamic pressure pulses and how these responses depend on the solar wind and geomagnetic conditions and on the preconditions in the electron radiation belts.
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/5629
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding AuthorNi, BB (reprint author), Wuhan Univ, Sch Elect Informat, Dept Space Phys, Wuhan, Peoples R China.; Ni, BB (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ni, Binbin,Xiang, Zheng,Gu, Xudong,et al. Dynamic responses of the Earth's radiation belts during periods of solar wind dynamic pressure pulse based on normalized superposed epoch analysis[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,2016,121(9):8523-8536.
APA Ni, Binbin.,Xiang, Zheng.,Gu, Xudong.,Shprits, Yuri Y..,Zhou, Chen.,...&Ni, BB .(2016).Dynamic responses of the Earth's radiation belts during periods of solar wind dynamic pressure pulse based on normalized superposed epoch analysis.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,121(9),8523-8536.
MLA Ni, Binbin,et al."Dynamic responses of the Earth's radiation belts during periods of solar wind dynamic pressure pulse based on normalized superposed epoch analysis".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 121.9(2016):8523-8536.
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