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Multi-spacecraft Observations of the Rotation and Nonradial Motion of a CME Flux Rope Causing an Intense Geomagnetic Storm
Liu, Yi A.; Liu, Ying D.; Hu, Huidong; Wang, Rui; Zhao, Xiaowei; Liu, YD (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.; Liu, YD (reprint author), Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2018
Volume854Issue:2Pages:126
ISSN0004-637X
Language英语
KeywordSolar-terrestrial Relations Sun: Activity Sun: Coronal Mass Ejections(Cmes) Sun: Magnetic Fields
AbstractWe present an investigation of the rotation and nonradial motion of a coronal mass ejection (CME) from AR 12468 on 2015 December 16 using observations from SDO, SOHO, STEREO A, and Wind. The EUV and HMI observations of the source region show that the associated magnetic flux rope (MFR) axis pointed to the east before the eruption. We use a nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolation to determine the configuration of the coronal magnetic field and calculate the magnetic energy density distributions at different heights. The distribution of the magnetic energy density shows a strong gradient toward the northeast. The propagation direction of the CME from a Graduated Cylindrical Shell (GCS) modeling deviates from the radial direction of the source region by about 45 degrees in longitude and about 30 degrees in latitude, which is consistent with the gradient of the magnetic energy distribution around the AR. The MFR axis determined by the GCS modeling points southward, which has rotated counterclockwise by about 95 degrees compared with the orientation of the MFR in the low corona. The MFR reconstructed by a Grad-Shafranov (GS) method at 1 au has almost the same orientation as the MFR from the GCS modeling, which indicates that the MFR rotation occurred in the low corona. It is the rotation of the MFR that caused the intense geomagnetic storm with the minimum D-st of - 155 nT. These results suggest that the coronal magnetic field surrounding the MFR plays a crucial role in the MFR rotation and propagation direction.
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/6202
Collection空间科学部
Corresponding AuthorLiu, YD (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.; Liu, YD (reprint author), Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Yi A.,Liu, Ying D.,Hu, Huidong,et al. Multi-spacecraft Observations of the Rotation and Nonradial Motion of a CME Flux Rope Causing an Intense Geomagnetic Storm[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2018,854(2):126.
APA Liu, Yi A..,Liu, Ying D..,Hu, Huidong.,Wang, Rui.,Zhao, Xiaowei.,...&Liu, YD .(2018).Multi-spacecraft Observations of the Rotation and Nonradial Motion of a CME Flux Rope Causing an Intense Geomagnetic Storm.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,854(2),126.
MLA Liu, Yi A.,et al."Multi-spacecraft Observations of the Rotation and Nonradial Motion of a CME Flux Rope Causing an Intense Geomagnetic Storm".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 854.2(2018):126.
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20188542126.pdf(3239KB)期刊论文作者接受稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
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