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Effects of Shock and Turbulence Properties on Electron Acceleration
Qin, G.; Kong, F. -J.; Zhang, L. -H.; Qin, G (reprint author), Harbin Inst Technol, Sch Sci, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China.
作者部门空间科学部
发表期刊ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2018
卷号860期号:1页码:3
ISSN0004-637X
语种英语
关键词Acceleration Of Particles Plasmas Shock Waves Sun: Coronal Mass Ejections (Cmes) Sun: Particle Emission Turbulence
摘要Using test particle simulations, we study electron acceleration at collisionless shocks with a two-component model turbulent magnetic field with slab component including dissipation range. We investigate the importance of the shock-normal angle theta(Bn), magnetic turbulence level (b/B-0)(2), and shock thickness on the acceleration efficiency of electrons. It is shown that at perpendicular shocks the electron acceleration efficiency is enhanced with the decrease of (b/B-0)(2), and at (b/B-0)(2) = 0.01 the acceleration becomes significant due to a strong drift electric field with long time particles staying near the shock front for shock drift acceleration (SDA). In addition, at parallel shocks the electron acceleration efficiency is increasing with the increase of (b/B-0)(2), and at (b/B-0)(2) = 10.0 the acceleration is very strong due to sufficient pitch-angle scattering for first-order Fermi acceleration, as well as due to the large local component of the magnetic field perpendicular to the shock-normal angle for SDA. On the other hand, the high perpendicular shock acceleration with (b/B-0)(2) = 0.01 is stronger than the high parallel shock acceleration with (b/B-0)(2) = 10.0, the reason might be the assumption that SDA is more efficient than first-order Fermi acceleration. Furthermore, for oblique shocks, the acceleration efficiency is small no matter whether the turbulence level is low or high. Moreover, for the effect of shock thickness on electron acceleration at perpendicular shocks, we show that there exists the bendover thickness, L-diff,L-b. The acceleration efficiency does not noticeably change if the shock thickness is much smaller than L-diff,L-b. However, if the shock thickness is much larger than L-diff,L-b, the acceleration efficiency starts to drop abruptly.
收录类别SCI
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/6327
专题空间科学部
通讯作者Qin, G (reprint author), Harbin Inst Technol, Sch Sci, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China.
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Qin, G.,Kong, F. -J.,Zhang, L. -H.,et al. Effects of Shock and Turbulence Properties on Electron Acceleration[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2018,860(1):3.
APA Qin, G.,Kong, F. -J.,Zhang, L. -H.,&Qin, G .(2018).Effects of Shock and Turbulence Properties on Electron Acceleration.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,860(1),3.
MLA Qin, G.,et al."Effects of Shock and Turbulence Properties on Electron Acceleration".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 860.1(2018):3.
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