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题名: Effects of Shock and Turbulence Properties on Electron Acceleration
作者: Qin, G.; Kong, F. -J.; Zhang, L. -H.
作者部门: 空间科学部
通讯作者: Qin, G (reprint author), Harbin Inst Technol, Sch Sci, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China.
关键词: acceleration of particles ; plasmas ; shock waves ; Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) ; Sun: particle emission ; turbulence
刊名: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
ISSN号: 0004-637X
出版日期: 2018
卷号: 860, 期号:1, 页码:3
收录类别: SCI
项目资助者: [NNSFC 41574172]
英文摘要: Using test particle simulations, we study electron acceleration at collisionless shocks with a two-component model turbulent magnetic field with slab component including dissipation range. We investigate the importance of the shock-normal angle theta(Bn), magnetic turbulence level (b/B-0)(2), and shock thickness on the acceleration efficiency of electrons. It is shown that at perpendicular shocks the electron acceleration efficiency is enhanced with the decrease of (b/B-0)(2), and at (b/B-0)(2) = 0.01 the acceleration becomes significant due to a strong drift electric field with long time particles staying near the shock front for shock drift acceleration (SDA). In addition, at parallel shocks the electron acceleration efficiency is increasing with the increase of (b/B-0)(2), and at (b/B-0)(2) = 10.0 the acceleration is very strong due to sufficient pitch-angle scattering for first-order Fermi acceleration, as well as due to the large local component of the magnetic field perpendicular to the shock-normal angle for SDA. On the other hand, the high perpendicular shock acceleration with (b/B-0)(2) = 0.01 is stronger than the high parallel shock acceleration with (b/B-0)(2) = 10.0, the reason might be the assumption that SDA is more efficient than first-order Fermi acceleration. Furthermore, for oblique shocks, the acceleration efficiency is small no matter whether the turbulence level is low or high. Moreover, for the effect of shock thickness on electron acceleration at perpendicular shocks, we show that there exists the bendover thickness, L-diff,L-b. The acceleration efficiency does not noticeably change if the shock thickness is much smaller than L-diff,L-b. However, if the shock thickness is much larger than L-diff,L-b, the acceleration efficiency starts to drop abruptly.
语种: 英语
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/6327
Appears in Collections:空间科学部_期刊论文

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