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On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes
Li, Jingyuan; Wang, Wenbin; Lu, Jianyong; Yuan, Tao; Yue, Jia; Liu, Xiao; Zhang, Kedeng; Burns, Alan G.; Zhang, Yongliang; Li, Zheng
作者部门空间科学部
发表期刊GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
2018
卷号45期号:19页码:10128-10137
DOI10.1029/2018GL078968
ISSN0094-8276
语种英语
摘要Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large neutral temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region during geomagnetic storms. Here we undertake first-principles simulations of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperature responses to storms using the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to elucidate the nature and causes of these changes. Temperature variations were not uniform; instead, nighttime temperatures changed earlier than daytime temperatures, and temperatures changed earlier at high latitudes than at low ones. Furthermore, temperatures increased in some places/times and decreased in others. As the simulation behaves similar to observations, it provides an opportunity to understand physical processes that drive the observed changes. Our analysis has shown that they were producedmainly by adiabatic heating/cooling that was associated with vertical winds resulting from general circulation changes, with additional contributions from vertical heat advection. Plain Language Summary Both ground-and space-based observations have showed that storm time temperature have strong variations in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region. However, the possible physical mechanisms causing these storm time thermal responses have not been fully understood. Therefore, in this paper, we use the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model to investigate the possible mechanisms for the observed storm time temperature changes in the MLT region. As the simulation behaves similar to observations, it provides an opportunity to understand physical processes that drive the observed changes. By analyzing Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model results, we found storm time adiabatic heating/cooling and vertical heat advection, both associated with changes in vertical winds, are the MLT-dominant heating processes in the MLT region at middle latitudes. Horizontal heat advection and radiative cooling also contribute to temperature changes, but they occur later than the other major heating terms. At middle and low latitudes, MLT changes are first seen in the vertical winds, followed by temperature changes; horizontal winds change later. The changes of vertical winds in the MLT region are associated with those occurring at higher altitudes. There is no direct contribution of auroral Joule heating and particle heating to the storm time MLT temperature changes at middle latitudes.
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/6565
专题空间科学部
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Li, Jingyuan,Wang, Wenbin,Lu, Jianyong,et al. On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes[J]. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2018,45(19):10128-10137.
APA Li, Jingyuan.,Wang, Wenbin.,Lu, Jianyong.,Yuan, Tao.,Yue, Jia.,...&Li, Zheng.(2018).On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes.GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,45(19),10128-10137.
MLA Li, Jingyuan,et al."On the Responses of Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Temperatures to Geomagnetic Storms at Low and Middle Latitudes".GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 45.19(2018):10128-10137.
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