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Successive X-class Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections Driven by Shearing Motion and Sunspot Rotation in Active Region NOAA 12673
Yan, X. L.; Wang, J. C.; Pan, G. M.; Kong, D. F.; Xue, Z. K.; Yang, L. H.; Li, Q. L.; Feng, X. S.
作者部门空间科学部
发表期刊ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2018
卷号856期号:1页码:79
DOI10.3847/1538-4357/aab153
ISSN0004-637X
语种英语
关键词Sun: activity Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) Sun: flares Sun: photosphere sunspots
摘要We present a clear case study on the occurrence of two successive X-class flares, including a decade-class flare (X9.3) and two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) triggered by shearing motion and sunspot rotation in active region NOAA 12673 on 2017 September 6. A shearing motion between the main sunspots with opposite polarities began on September 5 and lasted even after the second X-class flare on September 6. Moreover, the main sunspot with negative polarity rotated around its umbral center, and another main sunspot with positive polarity also exhibited a slow rotation. The sunspot with negative polarity at the northwest of the active region also began to rotate counterclockwise before the onset of the first X-class flare, which is related to the formation of the second S-shaped structure. The successive formation and eruption of two S-shaped structures were closely related to the counterclockwise rotation of the three sunspots. The existence of a flux rope is found prior to the onset of two flares by using nonlinear force-free field extrapolation based on the vector magnetograms observed by Solar Dynamics Observatory/Helioseismic and Magnetic Image. The first flux rope corresponds to the first S-shaped structures mentioned above. The second S-shaped structure was formed after the eruption of the first flux rope. These results suggest that a shearing motion and sunspot rotation play an important role in the buildup of the free energy and the formation of flux ropes in the corona that produces solar flares and CMEs.
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被引频次:15[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/6938
专题空间科学部
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Yan, X. L.,Wang, J. C.,Pan, G. M.,et al. Successive X-class Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections Driven by Shearing Motion and Sunspot Rotation in Active Region NOAA 12673[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2018,856(1):79.
APA Yan, X. L..,Wang, J. C..,Pan, G. M..,Kong, D. F..,Xue, Z. K..,...&Feng, X. S..(2018).Successive X-class Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections Driven by Shearing Motion and Sunspot Rotation in Active Region NOAA 12673.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,856(1),79.
MLA Yan, X. L.,et al."Successive X-class Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections Driven by Shearing Motion and Sunspot Rotation in Active Region NOAA 12673".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 856.1(2018):79.
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