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On the Sources of the Ionospheric Variability in the South American Magnetic Anomaly During Solar Minimum
Moro, J.; Xu, J.; Denardini, C. M.; Resende, L. C. A.; Silva, R. P.; Liu, Z.; Li, H.; Yan, C.; Wang, C.; Schuch, N. J.
Department空间科学部
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
2019
DOI10.1029/2019JA026780
ISSN2169-9380
Language英语
KeywordSAMA Variabilities Digisonde
AbstractWe investigate for the first time the variability of the F-2 layer critical frequency (f(o)F(2)), its peak height (h(m)F(2)), the thickness parameter B0, and the E region critical frequency (f(o)E) over Santa Maria (29.7 degrees S, 53.7 degrees W, dip angle = -37 degrees), a station located in the central region of the South American Magnetic Anomaly. The selected ionospheric parameters were obtained from ionograms recorded by a recent Digisonde Portable Sounder 4-D. The time period covers 309 days from 1 September 2017 to 30 August 2018. The diurnal analyses revealed a large day-to-day ionospheric variability, with some peculiarities as a strong semiannual pattern superimposed to expected ionospheric behavior. Furthermore, the results show significant differences between the averaged f(o)F(2) in December and June solstices, revealing a possible presence of the annual asymmetry. The coefficient of variation (CV) is used as a quantitative description of the variability of each parameter versus time and season. Considering low solar flux and geomagnetically quiet days only, we note that CV is smaller during the daytime and larger during nighttime for all parameters. The least variable ionospheric parameter in our study is f(o)E, while the most variable one is B0. Regarding the F-2 layer parameters, we observe that f(o)F(2) is much more variable than h(m)F(2). We attribute the observed CV to the neutral atmosphere source over Santa Maria. The ionospheric variability is in general enhanced during geomagnetically disturbed periods. The estimated CV is higher over Santa Maria than Wuhan, China (30.5 degrees N, 114.4 degrees E, dip angle = 46 degrees), a station with no influence of the South American Magnetic Anomaly.
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/7251
Collection空间科学部
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Moro, J.,Xu, J.,Denardini, C. M.,et al. On the Sources of the Ionospheric Variability in the South American Magnetic Anomaly During Solar Minimum[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,2019.
APA Moro, J..,Xu, J..,Denardini, C. M..,Resende, L. C. A..,Silva, R. P..,...&Schuch, N. J..(2019).On the Sources of the Ionospheric Variability in the South American Magnetic Anomaly During Solar Minimum.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS.
MLA Moro, J.,et al."On the Sources of the Ionospheric Variability in the South American Magnetic Anomaly During Solar Minimum".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS (2019).
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