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A 3D Parametric Martian Bow Shock Model with the Effects of Mach Number, Dynamic Pressure, and the Interplanetary Magnetic Field
Alternative TitleWOS:000588272200001
Wang, M.; Xie, L.; Lee, L. C.; Xu, X. J.; Kabin, K.; Lu, J. Y.; Wang, J.; Li, L.
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2020
Volume903Issue:2Pages:125
DOI10.3847/1538-4357/abbc04
ISSN0004-637X
Language英语
KeywordPlanetary bow shocks Interplanetary magnetic fields Mars Solar wind MARS-GLOBAL-SURVEYOR SOLAR-WIND INTERACTION PILE-UP BOUNDARY PLASMA INTERACTION MAGNETOPAUSE VARIABILITY PHOBOS-2 SHAPE DEPENDENCE LOCATIONS
AbstractUsing global MHD simulations, we construct a 3D parametric Martian bow shock model that employs a generalized conic section function defined by seven parameters. Effects of the solar wind dynamic pressure (P-d), the magnetosonic Mach number (M-MS), and the intensity and the orientation of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on the seven parameters are examined based on 250 simulation cases. These 250 cases have a P-d range of 0.36-9.0 nPa (the solar wind number density varying from 3.5 to 12 cm(-3) and the solar wind speed varying from 250 to 670 km s(-1)), an M-MS range of 2.8-7.9, and an IMF strength range from zero to 10 nT. The results from our parametric model show several things. (1) The size of the Martian bow shock is dominated by P-d. When P-d increases, the bow shock moves closer to Mars, and the flaring of the bow shock decreases. (2) The M-MS has a similar effect on the bow shock as P-d but with different coefficients. (3) The effects of IMF components on the bow shock position are associated with the draping and pileup of the IMF around the Martian ionosphere; hence, we find that both the subsolar standoff distance and the flaring angle of the bow shock increase with the field strength of the IMF components that are perpendicular to the solar wind flow direction (B-Y and B-Z in the MSO coordinate system). The parallel IMF component (B-X) has little effect on the subsolar standoff distance but affects the flaring angle. (4) The cross section of the bow shock is elongated in the direction perpendicular to the IMF on the Y-Z plane, and the elongation degree is enhanced with increasing intensities of B-Y and B-Z. The north-south (dawn-dusk) asymmetry is controlled by the cone angle when the IMF is on the X-Z (X-Y) plane. These results show a good agreement with the previous empirical and theoretical models. The current parametric model is obtained under solar maximum conditions with the strongest Martian crustal magnetic field located at the subsolar point. In fact, the bow shock shape can also be affected by both the solar extreme ultraviolet radiation and the orientation of crustal magnetic anomalies to the Sun, which should be considered in future models.
Indexed BySCI
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/7497
Collection中国科学院国家空间科学中心
Affiliation1.[Wang, M.
2.Xie, L.
3.Lee, L. C.
4.Xu, X. J.
5.Wang, J.] Macau Univ Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Lunar & Planetary Sci, Macau, Peoples R China
6.[Wang, M.
7.Lu, J. Y.] Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Inst Space Weather, Nanjing, Peoples R China
8.[Wang, M.
9.Xu, X. J.
10.Wang, J.] CNSA Macau Ctr Space Explorat & Sci, Macau, Peoples R China
11.[Xie, L.
12.Li, L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing, Peoples R China
13.[Xie, L.
14.Li, L.] Chinese Sci Acad & Shen Cty, Joint Res & Dev Ctr, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
15.[Lee, L. C.] Acad Sinica, Inst Earth Sci, Taipei, Taiwan
16.[Kabin, K.] Royal Mil Coll Canada, Dept Phys & Space Sci, Kingston, ON, Canada
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, M.,Xie, L.,Lee, L. C.,et al. A 3D Parametric Martian Bow Shock Model with the Effects of Mach Number, Dynamic Pressure, and the Interplanetary Magnetic Field[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2020,903(2):125.
APA Wang, M..,Xie, L..,Lee, L. C..,Xu, X. J..,Kabin, K..,...&Li, L..(2020).A 3D Parametric Martian Bow Shock Model with the Effects of Mach Number, Dynamic Pressure, and the Interplanetary Magnetic Field.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,903(2),125.
MLA Wang, M.,et al."A 3D Parametric Martian Bow Shock Model with the Effects of Mach Number, Dynamic Pressure, and the Interplanetary Magnetic Field".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 903.2(2020):125.
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