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Statistical Analysis of the Main Ionospheric Trough Using Swarm in Situ Measurements
Alternative TitleWOS:000535389600056
Aa, Ercha; Zou, Shasha1; Erickson, Philip J.; Zhang, Shun-Rong; Liu, Siqing2
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
2020
Volume125Issue:3Pages:e2019JA027583
DOI10.1029/2019JA027583
ISSN2169-9380
Language英语
KeywordMIDLATITUDE TROUGH EMPIRICAL-MODEL F-LAYER IONIZATION TROUGHS LATITUDE TROUGH MILLSTONE HILL ION DRIFTS LOCAL TIME CONVECTION BOUNDARY
AbstractA statistical analysis of the topside main ionospheric trough is implemented by using the Swarm constellation in situ plasma density measurements from December 2013 to November 2019. The key features of the main trough, such as the occurrence rate, minimum position, width, and depth, are characterized and quantified. The distribution patterns of these parameters are investigated with respect to magnetic local time, season, longitude, solar activity, and geomagnetic activity levels, respectively. The main results are as follows: (1) The diurnal variation of the trough occurrence rate usually exhibits a primary peak in the early morning, a subsidiary peak in the late evening, and a slight reduction around midnight especially in the Northern Hemisphere. (2) The seasonal variation of the nighttime trough has maximum occurrence rates around equinoxes, higher than those in local winter. (3) The trough distribution has an evident hemispherical asymmetry. It is more pronounced in the Northern Hemisphere during the winter and equinoctial seasons, with its average nighttime occurrence rate being 20-30% higher than that in the Southern Hemisphere. The trough minimum position and the trough width also exhibit more significant fluctuation in the Northern Hemisphere. (4) The longitudinal pattern of the trough shows clear east-west preferences, which has a higher occurrence rate in eastern (western) longitudes around the December (June) solstice. (5) Conditions for the trough occurrence are more favored in low solar activity and high geomagnetic activity periods.
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nssc.ac.cn/handle/122/7626
Collection中国科学院国家空间科学中心
Affiliation1.MIT, Haystack Observ, Westford, MA 01886 USA
2.Univ Michigan, Dept Climate & Space Sci & Engn, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Aa, Ercha,Zou, Shasha,Erickson, Philip J.,et al. Statistical Analysis of the Main Ionospheric Trough Using Swarm in Situ Measurements[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,2020,125(3):e2019JA027583.
APA Aa, Ercha,Zou, Shasha,Erickson, Philip J.,Zhang, Shun-Rong,&Liu, Siqing.(2020).Statistical Analysis of the Main Ionospheric Trough Using Swarm in Situ Measurements.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,125(3),e2019JA027583.
MLA Aa, Ercha,et al."Statistical Analysis of the Main Ionospheric Trough Using Swarm in Situ Measurements".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 125.3(2020):e2019JA027583.
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